Hawk Ridge Bird Observatory Publications and Related References
Anderson, R. 1982. Band-tailed Pigeon at Hawk Ridge. Loon 54:249.
Backstrom, P. 1990. Very late date for Swainson’s hawk. Loon 62:57.
Bardon, K.J. 2009. Mississippi Kite at Hawk Ridge. Loon 81:158.
Bardon, K. J. 2011. Mississippi Kite in St. Louis County. Loon 83:47.
Bardon, K. J. 2012. Fall Diurnal Migration of Passerines and other non-raptors at Hawk Ridge and Lake Superior, Duluth – 2007-2011. Loon: in press.
Beckett, S. R. and G. A. Proudfoot. 2011. Large-scale movement and migration of Northern Saw-whet Owls in Eastern North America. Wilson J. Ornithology 123 (3): 521-535 (used banding data including from Hawk Ridge)
Bildstein, K. L., W. S. Clark, D. L. Evans, M. Field, L. Soucy, & E. Henckel. 1984. Sex and age differences in fall migration of Northern Harriers. J. Field Ornithology 55(2): 143-150.
Bildstein, K.L. 2006. Migrating raptors of the world, their ecology and conservation. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY U.S.A. Includes information on the importance of Hawk Ridge.
Bildstein, K.L., B.P. Smith, E. Ruelas Inzunza, & R.R. Veit, Eds. 2008. State of North America’s Birds of Prey. Pp. 37-151. Raptor Migration in North America. Nuttall Ornithol. Club and Am. Ornithol. Union. Includes Hawk Ridge Sharp-hinned Hawk recovery data.
Blockstein, D.E. and B. A. Fall. 1986. A Heavy Migration of Northern Flickers on the Lower North Shore. Loon 58:11-13.
Bowerman, W. W. IV, T. J. Kubiak, J. B. Holt, D. L. Evans, R. G. Eckstein, C. R. Sindelar, D. A. Best, & K. D. Kozie. 1994.
Observed abnormalities in mandibles of nestling Bald Eagles Haliaeetus leucocephalus. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 53:450-457.
Bronoel, J. K. 1954. Duluth Club participates in hawk conservation. Flicker 26: 94-95.
Carr, M. M. 1976. Townsend’s Solitaire at Duluth [Hawk Ridge]. Loon 48:34.
Carr, M.M. 1977. Worm-eating Warbler at Hawk Ridge. Loon 49:45.
Cohen, R. R. 1959. Tufted Titmice again seen in the Duluth area [Hawk Hill]. Flicker 31:133.
Davis, T. E. 1979. Post-fledge activities of a family of Goshawks nesting in northeastern Minnesota. M S Thesis, Univ. of Minnesota - Duluth. 59 pp.
Eckert, K. 1979. Prairie Falcon Observed at Hawk Ridge. The Loon 51: 205-206.
Eckert, K. R., & T. Hammond. 1980. Avian spectacular at Hawk Ridge. Minnesota Conservation Volunteer 43(251): 46-53.
Eckert, K. 1984. First Annual Hawk Ridge Non-raptor Count. Loon 56:11-15.
Eckert, K. 1986. A census of the Fall Migration on the North Shore of Lake Superior. Loon 58:64-68.
Eckert, K. 1990. Lakewood Pumping Station Census of Fall Migration. Loon 62:99-105.
Eckert, K. 1979. Prairie Falcon Observed at Hawk Ridge. Loon 51: 205-206.
Eckert, K. 1991. First Northern Minnesota Record of Mississippi Kite. Loon 63:282-3.
Eckert, K. 1991. Lakewood Pumping Station Census of Fall Migration. Loon 63:60-61.
Eckert, K. 1995. Fall 1994 Census of Migrants at Lakewood Pumping Station. Loon 67:47-49.
Eckert, K. 1996. Fall 1995 Census of Migrants at the Lakewood Pumping Station. Loon 68:35-36.
Eckert, K. 1997. Fall 1996 Census of Migrants at the Lakewood Pumping Station. Loon 69:105-106.
Edmondson, D.1997. Another Prairie Falcon Sighting. Loon 69:45-46.
Evans, D. L. 1975. A Gyrfalcon at Hawk Ridge. Loon 47(1): 45-46.
Evans, D. L. 1975. Fall owl migration at Duluth, Minnesota. Loon 47(2): 56-58.
Evans, D. L. 1977. Fall migration of Boreal Owls. Loon 49(3): 165-167.
Evans, D. L. 1977. Uncommon natural injuries of hawks. Auk 94(3): 585-586
Evans, D. L. 1978. Partial albinism: Saw-whet Owl and Goshawk. Loon 50(1): 52-53.
Evans, D. L. 1980. Multivariate analyses of weather and fall migration of Saw-whet Owls at Duluth, Minnesota. M. S. Thesis, North Dakota State Univ., Fargo. 49 pp.
Evans, D. L. 1981. Banding recoveries from Hawk Ridge. Naturalist 32(2): 18.
Evans, D. L. 1982. The wing loading method of weight control. North American Falconer’s Assoc. Newsletter (Hawk Chalk) 21(2): 55-59.
Evans, D. L. 1982. Status reports of twelve raptors. U. S. Fish Wildl. Serv. Spec. Sci. Rep. Wildl. 238. 68pp. -- Includes Sharp-shinned Hawk recovery data from the Hawk Ridge Research Station.
Evans, D. L. 1983. Tennessee recoveries of raptors banded at Duluth, Minnesota. Migrant 54: 17.
Evans, D. L. 1994. First Minnesota record of the Common Ground-dove. Loon 66:3.
Evans, D. L. 1997. The influence of broadcast tape-recorded calls on captures of fall migrant Northern Saw-whet Owls (Aegolius acadicus) and Long-eared Owls (Asio otus). Pp. 173--174 in Duncan, J. R., D. H. Johnson, & T. H. Nicholls, eds. Biology and Conservation of Owls of the Northern Hemisphere: 2nd International Symposium; 1997 February 5-9; Winnipeg, MB. USDA Forest Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. NC-190. 635 pp.
Evans, D. L. 2000. Interactions between Snowy Owls and large falcons at Duluth. Loon 72:37--39.
Evans, D. L., & C. R. Sindelar, Jr. 1974. First record of the Goshawk for Louisiana -- a collected, banded bird. Bird-Banding 45(3): 270.
Evans, D. L., & R. N. Rosenfield. 1985. Migration and mortality of Sharp-shinned Hawks ringed at Duluth, Minnesota, U.S.A. Pages 311-316 in Conservation Studies on Raptors, Proc. ICBP World Conf. on Birds of Prey, 26-29 April 1982, Thessaloniki, Greece. ICBP Tech. Publ. 5. 494 pp.
Evans, D. L., & R. N. Rosenfield. 1987. Remigial molt in fall migrant Long-eared Owls and Northern Saw-whet Owls. Pages 209-214 in Symposium of Biology and Conservation of Northern Forest Owls, February 3-7, 1987, Winnipeg, Manitoba. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. RM-142. 309 pp.
Evans, D.L., G.J. Niemi, M.A. Etterson. 2012. Autumn raptor banding at Haw Ridge, Duluth, Minnesota U.S.A., 1972-2009: an overview. Journal of Raptor Research 46:36-49.
Falk, L. and C. 1976. Carolina Wren at Hawk Ridge. Loon: 48:177-178.
Farmer, D.J.T. Hussell, and D.Mizrahi. 2007. Detecting population trends in migratory birds of prey. Auk124(3):1047-1062.
Fuller, M. R., and K. Titus. 1990. Sources of Migrant Hawk Counts for Monitoring Raptor Populations. Avian Population Trends, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Report 90(1).
Gilmer, D. S., D. L. Evans, P. M. Konrad, & R. E. Stewart. 1985. Recoveries of Ferruginous Hawks banded in south-central North Dakota. J. Field Ornithology 56:184-187.
Green, J. C. 1962. Unusual Fall Migrants in Duluth. Loon 34:131 (includes observation from Hawk Ridge).
Green, R. F., D. L. Evans, R. N. Rosenfield, M. J. Evans. 1986. Observation of North American Goshawk Invasions. Paper at 19th International Ornithological Congress, June 22-28, 1986. Ottawa, Canada.
Grosshuesch, D. 2002. Unusual observation of foot color in the Pine Warbler. Loon 74:44-46.
Grosshuesch, D. 2007. Western Great Lakes region owl monitoring survey. Loon79:65-71.
Hawk Count. 2012. Hawk count. Hawk Migration Association of North America. http://www.hawkcount.org
Hawks, S. E. 2004. Origins of Northern Goshawks moving past Duluth, Minnesota as determined by hydrogen isotopes. M. S. Thesis. North Dakota State University, Fargo. 76 pp.
Hawks, S.E, D.L. Evans, and J. W. Grier. 2007. Determining the sources of Northern Goshawks passing through Duluth, Minnesota. Loon 79:187-193.
Hofslund, P. B. 1954. The Hawk Pass at Duluth. Flicker 26:96-99.
Hofslund, P. B. 1958. Bird Migration in the Duluth Area. Flicker 30:53-57
Hofslund, P. B. 1962. The Duluth Hawk Flyway – 1951-1961. Flicker 34:88-92
Hofslund, P. B. 1973. An invasion of Goshawks. Journal of Raptor Research 7(3/4): 107-108.
Hofslund, P. B. 1955. Hawk Flyway. Flicker 27:158-159.
Hofslund, P. B. 1954. The hawk pass at Duluth, Minnesota. Wilson Bulletin 66:224.
Hofslund, P.B. 1966. Hawk migration over the western tip of Lake Superior. Wilson Bull. 78:79-87.
Houston, C. S. 2005. Long-eared Owls, Asio otus: a review of North American banding. Can. Field-Nat. 119: 395--402. Contains most of HRBO recoveries.
Howell, T. R. , &. J. P. O'Neill. 1981. In memorium: George H. Lowery, Jr. Auk 98(1): 159-166. – includes a picture of G. H. L. with the Goshawk banded at Hawk Ridge which was the first Louisiana record.
Hussell, D. J. T. and L. Brown. 1992. Population Changes in Diurnally-migrating Raptors at Duluth, Minnesota (1974-1989) and Grimsby, Ontario (1975-1990). Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Wildlife Research Section, Maple, Ontario, Canada. Sept. 1992.
Janssen, R.B. Birds in Minnesota. Univ. of Minn. Press, 1987. 352 pp. Many references to Hawk Ridge records.
Keith, L. B., & D. H. Rusch. 1989. Predation's role in the cyclic fluctuations of ruffed grouse. Acta XIX Congr. Internatl. Ornithol. 699-732. -- Includes Goshawk data from Hawk Ridge.
Lowery, G. H., Jr. Louisiana Birds. Revised 3rd edition. Louisiana State Univ. Press. 651 pp. – includes account of the first record for the Goshawk in Louisiana, which was banded at Hawk Ridge.
Marks, J. S., D. L. Evans, & D. W. Holt. 1994. Long-eared Owl (Asio otus). In The Birds of North America, No. 133(A. Poole and F. Gill, Eds.). Philadelphia: The Academy of Natural Sciences; Washington, D.C.: The American Ornithologists' Union. 24 pp.
Nicoletti, F. J. 1994. Minnesota’s Second White-winged Dove. Loon 66:213-214.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1995. A Tale of “Tails”: New records at Hawk Ridge. Loon 67:9-11.
Nicoletti, F. J. 1995. An unusual plumage in Sharp-shinned Hawks. Loon 67:66.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1995. Late Turkey Vulture records. Loon 67:118.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1996. Three additional Mississippi Kite records from Hawk Ridge. Loon 68:215-216.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1996. American Kestrel and Merlin migration correlated with green darner movements at Hawk Ridge. Loon 68:216-221.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1998. Summary of 1997 spring hawk count at Enger Tower, Duluth. Loon 70:47-52.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1998. Record high Pine Grosbeak count at Hawk Ridge. Loon 70:62-63.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1998. The 1997 migration at Hawk Ridge. Loon 70:105-108.
Nicoletti, F.J. 1999. Band-tailed Pigeon at Hawk Ridge. Loon 71:48.
Nicoletti, F.J. 2002. First Minnesota record of a Black Vulture. Loon 74:63-65.
Nicoletti, F.J. 2009. Summary of the West Skyline spring raptor count, 2000-2005. Loon 81:163-170.
Nicoletti, F.J., S. Millard, and B. Yokel. 1998. First description of albinism in a dark-morph Red-tailed Hawk in North America. Loon 70:117-118.
Nicoletti, F. J. 2001. Boreal Owl migration in Duluth: A pilot study in November 2000. Loon 3:165-168.
Nicoletti, F.J., D. Alexander, and R.Brady. 2005. The 2004-2005 influx of northern owls, Part III: Northern Hawk Owl banding. Loon 77:209-219.
Nicoletti, F.J. and P. H. Svingen. 2005. The 2004-2005 influx of northern owls, Part I: Northern Hawk Owl. Loon 77:132-140.
Nicoletti, F.J. and D. Alexander. 2006. Unusual natural injury in a Northern Hawk Owl. Loon 78:107-108.
Nicoletti, F.J. and D. Alexander. 2006. Extra rectrices on Boreal and Northern Hawk Owls. Loon 78:108-111.
Nicoletti, F. J. 2011. Two Prairie Falcons Banded in Lakewood Township, St. Louis County. Loon 83: 89-91.
Olson, R. 1952. The possibilities of establishing a hawk and owl banding and photographic station at Duluth, Minnesota. Flicker 24: 111-115.
Palmer, R. S. 1988. Handbook of North American birds. Vol. 4. Diurnal raptors (Part 1). Yale University Press. 433 pp. Hawk Ridge data, pp. 305, 311, 313, 318, 364, 366.
Palmer, R. S. 1988. Handbook of North American birds. Vol. 5. Diurnal raptors (Part 2). Yale University Press. 465 pp. Hawk Ridge data, pp. 7, 156, 166.
Platt, J. B. 1976. Gyrfalcon nest site selection and winter activity in the western Canadian Arctic. Canadian Field-Naturalist 90(3): 338-345. (Includes Gyrfalcon data from Hawk Ridge but Table 5 erroneously labels them from “N.W. Minnesota”)
Redig, P. T., M. R. Fuller, & D. L. Evans. 1980. Prevalence of Aspergillus fumigatus in free-living Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis atricapillus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases 16(2): 169-174.
Rosenfield- R. N., & D. L., Evans. 1980. Migration incidence and sequence of age and sex classes of the Sharp-shinned Hawk. Loon 52:66-69.
Rosenfield, R.N., D.lAMERS, D.L. Evans, M. Evans, and J.A. Cava. 2011. Shift in timing of autumnal migrating Sharp-shinned Hawks. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 123:154-158.
Rosenfield, R.N., S.J. Taft, W.E. Stout, T.G.Driscoll, D.L. Evans, and M.A. Bozek. 2009. Low prevalence of Trichomonas gallinae in urban and migratory Cooper’s Hawks in north central North America. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121:641-644.
Scheuenriann. K.. 1992. Pocketfuls of Saw-whets. The Pacific Raptor Report 10: 16-19. (Banding at Hawk Ridge.) Wash. 63(1):141-143.
Seeland, H.M. 2010. Determination of raptor migratory pathways over a large landscape. M.S. Thesis, Integrated BioSciences, University of Minnesota, Duluth.
Seeland, H.M., G.J. Niemi, R.R.Regal, A. Peterson, & C. Lapin. 2012. Determination of raptor migratory patterns over a large landscape. Journal of Raptor Research63: in press.
Sindelar, C. R., D. L. Evans, & J. W. Winship. 1980. Nestling Bald Eagle survives lightning strike yet parent dies. Passenger Pigeon 42(2): 67-68.
Svingen, P.1997. Fall vagrancy of the Blue-gray Gnatcatcher.Loon 69:106-107 (includes records from Hawk Ridge).
Sweet, J. & P. 2011. Illinois Beach State Park Hawkwatch: 2010, A Year of Dismal Numbers. Hawk Migration Studies 37: 14-17. (Hawk Ridge data used).
Taft, S. J., R. N. Rosenfield, & D. L. Evans. 1996. Hematozoa in autumnal migrant raptors from the Hawk Ridge Nature Reserve, Duluth, Minnesota. Journal of Helminthological Soc. Wash. 63(1):141-143.
Titus, K. & M. R. Fuller, D. Jacobs. 1990. Detecting Trends in Hawk Migration Count Data in Avian Population Trends, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Biological Report 90 (1).
USGS Bird Banding Laboratory. 2011. Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD U.S.A. http://www.pwrc.usgs.gov/bbl - repository for all banding records from Hawk Ridge.
Weidensaul, S. 2003. Bird in (Dave's) hand. Hawk Mountain News, Spring 2003, Pp. 6-9. Article about Hawk Ridge Banding Station.