Bird Monitoring

Fall & Spring Bird Migration Counts

Spring Migration Count

Due to COVID-19 and the “Stay Safe Minnesota” Order, we are also asking visitors to stay safe & follow social distancing guidelines outdoors, while birdwatching. CDC states to avoid groups larger than 10 and stay 6 feet apart to help slow the spread of COVID-19. It’s important for the safety of everyone that we are not gathering in groups at the West Skyline Spring Count site(s) or elsewhere during this time. While people are welcome to get outside, we encourage you to go birding by yourself or with members of your household. You can safely view the spring migration from your own backyard or places like West Skyline Parkway from other stops along the road and even from inside your parked vehicle. We will continue to post updates on Facebook and via our e-news. If you would like to subscribe to our e-news, please send an email to jlong@hawkridge.org. Thank you for your understanding and continued support. Stay safe friends!” 

View LIVE Spring Count 2020 (March 1 – May 31, 2020)

View Raptors Only Count Data here (HMANA)

Plan Your Visit to the Spring Count

The birds fly south in the fall, so they must fly north in the spring, right? Yes! However, they are not found at Hawk Ridge in the spring because of its location on the NORTH side of Lake Superior. Instead, the SPRING COUNT takes place further to the southwest, although still in Duluth.

Here’s the skinny on the spring migration: The count starts toward March and continues DAILY through the end of May. Timing of species, as you can imagine, is the reverse of what it is in the fall. The first arrivals in the spring are the EAGLES, both bald & golden, and ROUGH-LEGGED HAWKS. Not long after that the RED-TAILED HAWKS arrive. BROAD-WINGED HAWKS and SHARP-SHINNED HAWKS begin showing up in April.

Peak for each species (high counts listed)

  • Eagles: around March 25 (Bald: 400-500/day; Golden: 10/day)
  • Rough-legged Hawks: April 10-20 (up to 75/day)
  • Red-tailed Hawks: April 10-20 (1,000-2,000/day)
  • Broad-winged Hawks: May 1-10 (3,000-4,000/day)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawks: April 10-20 (up to 450/day)

Raptors flying north through our area in the spring are a little more spread out…we don’t have as great of a natural funnel for northward migration as we do at Hawk Ridge for the southward migration in the fall. In the spring, smaller birds such as Sharp-shinned Hawks and American Kestrels tend to stay down along the shore, out of range of our counters. The Northern Goshawk route is a bit of a mystery for now–our highest number for goshawks in one day during the spring is four.

What about weather?

SOUTH or SOUTHWEST winds are best for big numbers of northward migrating raptors. I am happy to report the following: these are usually days with beautiful weather! WEST winds are also good, and the counters report that there are birds “on any wind”. Birds are on a mission in the spring: Get To Nesting Territories!  This means they’re not taking their time waiting for perfect migrating weather. Numbers are, however, greatly reduced in inclement weather such as fog, snow, rain, sleet, or hail.

Another spring advantage? GREAT looks! The cold ground doesn’t promote the development of huge thermals, so the birds are generally much lower, riding updrafts along the ridge instead. The ground doesn’t warm up until late May, so until then the birds will be quite low. Previous counters have reported Bald Eagles within 40 feet of them, riding the updrafts along the ridges!

WHERE is the spring count?

Good question! The answer, my friend, is blowin’ in the wind.

In S, SW, SE, N, NW or W winds: Enger Tower.
Directions: From Hwy 35, take the Hwy 53 North exit (255A) in Duluth and continue on Hwy 53 North / Piedmont Ave to the stoplight where Piedmont Avenue splits off. Turn LEFT onto Piedmont Avenue, drive 1 block and turn LEFT onto 24th Ave West, then drive another block and turn LEFT onto West Skyline Parkway. Continue past the Enger Golf Course on West Skyline Parkway to a pullout overlook just below Enger Tower (marked with a sign, “Rice’s Point). You’ll come to West 5th Street if you go too far. If you don’t see anyone at the overlook with binoculars, try the Thompson Hill site.

This section of West Skyline Parkway is currently closed to vehicular traffic. Public parking is available at the Twin Ponds and Enger Golf Course for those wishing to run, walk, or bike.

In NE or E winds: Thompson Hill.
Directions: From Hwy 35, take the Boundary Avenue exit (249) and cross to the north side of the freeway. Turn RIGHT onto West Skyline Parkway as if going to the Thompson Hill Rest Stop. Drive past the first rest stop entrance to the overlook directly below the rest stop. (You’ll come to the second rest stop entrance if you go too far.)

What ACTIVITIES are going on during the spring count?

Bird Migration Count Research is the primary activity currently taking place at the spring count site with public education/interpretation as available. The counter(s) will do their best to point out “viewable” birds, but please keep in mind, we may have some very busy migration days with limited staff.  If you are interested in a private program about the spring migration (school group or other group – civic, touring, etc,), please contact Margie Menzies at mmenzies@hawkridge.org or (218) 428-8722.

2019 Spring Migration Count Report

2019 link to Spring Count data (numbers/species)

2018 Spring Migration Count Report

2018 Spring Count Data (numbers/species) HERE (March 1 – May 20, 2018)

Fall Migration Count

The main overlook at Hawk Ridge where the fall migration count takes place sits on a rocky ridge one mile from Lake Superior and about 550 feet above the lake. In the lower foreground is the Lakeside neighborhood, in the mid distance is the lakeshore itself, and on the far horizon, from left to right, is Wisconsin, the City of Duluth and the St. Louis River estuary.

Hawk Ridge Main Overlook Panoramic View Photo by Andrew Longtin

The counting of raptors began in 1951 as a weekend count in September. It was done by volunteers for the next two decades with coverage that varied from 4 to 42 days a year. Consistent coverage of the peak migration – early September through early November – started in 1972 which was also the first year of operation of the banding station. Starting in 1991 the migration count expanded to coverage from mid-August through late November.

The results of the trial count beginning in 1971 to the standardized count from 1972 to present are published by HawkCount, the database maintained by the Hawk Migration Association of North America. Summary information about the migration timing and monthly statistics are available at the Hawkwatch Site Profile for Hawk Ridge Bird Observatory on Hawk Count.

The fall bird migration count at Hawk Ridge is one of the highest in North America by numbers and species diversity. An average of over 60,000 raptors and over 200,000 other birds are counted each fall. You can view details in reports below.

Graphs that summarize the four decades of the raptor count

2018 Fall Migration Count Report

2017 Fall Migration Count Summary

2016 Fall Raptor Count Report

2016 Fall Non-Raptor Count Report

Plan Your Visit to the Fall Count (Sept-Oct)

Image Credits: Andrew Longtin

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